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unario iiisiuncai Kocieiy 

1 9U2 



St. Andrews 
by = the = Sea 

New^ BrunsTvick 



:i^<.--fl1iit^ 







Reached 
by the 




1900 ## 



^ Pacific 
Railway 



OJiMo Historjcal Society 

1902 



3^a?o. 





F all countries bordering on the Atlantic coast of the Ameri- 
can continent, there is none more grandly favored by nature 
than the Canadian Province of New Brunswick, whose 
picturesque shores possess a wonderful charm and attractive- 
ness ; and in no portion of this magnificent summer domain 
is there a more delightful spot than St. Andrews-by-the-Sea, 
where ideal conditions exist in beauty of environment, 
salubrity of climate and healthfulness of locality. With pure ^^alt sea air, the 
life-giving breath of the pine, wondrous scenic splendor, and every facility for 
the comfortable housing of visitors — it is an incomparable resting-place and 
retreat from the cares of business and the heat and dusi of the city. 



A Delightful Spot 

St. Andrews-by-the-Sea is located on the south-west corner of New 
Brunswick, where the St. Croix river, dividing British territory from the State 
of Maine, pours its flood into Passamaquoddy Bay — a long stretch of water 
completely sheltered from the storms and fogs of the Atlantic by a barrier of 
islands, great and small. On a long peninsula reaching far into the Bay stands 
the little village which once had great aspirations to commercial importance, 
but is now happily content with the prestige and supremacy it has attained as 



.1 charming summering-placc, possessing all those rari- attractions which induce 
gratified visitors to gladly return with every recurring heated term. The site of 
St. Andrews-by-the-Sea bears the same relation to the bay and river that 
Newport News does to the waters of Hampton Roads and the James. The 
land gently rises from the shore until at a distance of 2,000 feet from high 
water mark an altitude of 125 feet is attained ; yet so evenly terraced are the 
slopes that the ascent is scarcely realized until the summit is reached. This is 
Fort Hill, the outlook from whose crest ranks with those whirh give fame 
to the most noted beauty spots of both the Old World and the New. 



A 'Bit of History 



The glamor of historic association envelops the entire region. It was here 
that in the summer of 1604 
the adventurous Sieur des 
Monts, piloted by Samuel 
Champlain, whose name 
and fame as an explorer 
are so intimately connect- 
ed with the discoveries of 
the northern half of the 
continent, came from Old 
France with a patent 
royal of all the territory 
in America between the 
40th and 46th degrees of 
north latitude. This first 
expedition to these waterr 
crossed the Bay of Fundy 
and ascended the Schoodic 
(now St. Croix) river to 

a small island three miles above the present site of St. Andrews, which lie 
fortified against the forays of the wily redskins who then peopled the land. 
This is the Docie's Island of to-day, but during the long-disputed boundary 
question between the United States and the dependencies of Great Britain in 
America, it was called Neutral Island from the fact that it was neutral gmund 
and enjoyed all the rights and privileges of No Man's Land. Nearly two 
centuries later a number of U. E. Loyalists, on the establishment of the 
Independence of the United States, came across the border and sett' 1 at 
St. Andrews, and there are houses now standing in the town whose frames 
were brought from Castine. Maine, and set ud anew here, while in the 

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COAST OF MAINE, AS SEEN FROM ST. ANDREWS 



Episcopal Church is displayed the royal coat-of-arms brought by the staunch 
Loyalists from Wallingford, Connecticut, in their flight. Later, St. Andrews 
was a garrisoned town, and old Fort Tipperary and the Block House, still 
retaining part of their ancient glory in the obsolete guns behind the grass- 
grown redoubts and earthworks, are quaint reminders of the ancient means of 
defence of this border-town ; but to-day they only serve to recall the fact that 
this peacefal retreat has been the theatre of stirring events during the past 
three centuries. 



As a Health Resort 




Apart from its many attractive scenic and other features, St. 
Andrews-by-the-Sea can truthfully be said to be noted for its 
health-giving climate. The mean daily temperature is 68° during 
the entire heated term, and the charts show that the belt denoting 
the driest atmosphere passes through Passamaquoddy Bay. Fog 
at St. Andrews-by-the-Sea is practically unknown. Here fever, 
epidemic and malarial disorders are absolute strangers. The peculiar 
formation of the soil allows no surface water to remain, the sand- 
stone underlying providing a natural filter through which the water 
passes, taking with it all <'oposits on the surface, and the tides, 
twice a day, rising and falling twenty to thirty feet, carry all waste 
far from shore. Flies and mosquitoes and other insect pests are 
unknown. 

The town itself is quiet and peaceful, and many of its quaint, 
old-fashioned streets and by-ways are embowered in trees, making 
fragrant, shady resting-places for those whose only glimpse of 
nature during the greater part of the year is caught in the small 
artificial city parks, within reach of the cares and worries of busi- 
ness. Surrounded on three sides by the sea, one sees in all 
directions an encircling line of coast, while higher up toward the 
Chamcook Mountains, the eye is charmed by the view seaward. 
Roses and hawthorn hedges, and every other variety of bright- 
h u e d flowers, 
meet the eye 



and charm the 
senses in all 
directions. 



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A Paradise of 

Summer Delights 

But not alone as a health 
resort and resting-place is St. 
Andrews-by-theSea attractive. 
The water trips among or in 
the neighborhood of the islands 




THE BLOCK-HOUSE, BUILT l8l2, ST. ANDREWS 



5 



of the Coast ; the heating and sailing and fishing in Ihcir waters; the adapta- 
bility of the heaches for sea bathing; the countless diversions of riding, driving, 
wheeling ind tramping and exploring on the shores ; the camping parties and 
improvised "settlements'' and outings for dulse; the opportunities for golf and 
other pastimes — these all combine to make this a perfect paradise of summer 
delights. 

As one writer puts it : "The old place has been a sort of Sleeping Heauty of 
the seaside for generations. It was marked and admired long before it was dreamtd 
of as a possible summer-resort, and always has had a certain i)atronage of pleasure 
seekers, even in times when summer excursions, trips or var-^tions had little or no 
place or j^art in the life of any class." 




CHAMCOOK LAKE 



Around and About St. Andrel:i)s 




Out from St. Andrews-b) -the-Sea in all directions are perfec'ly con- 
structed roads, forest-lined and shaded, reaching sheltered spots hy ocean and 
inland lake. The roads are graded through red sandstone, and there is no 
mud or dust to annoy or interfere with the pleasure of the drive. The 
favorite drives are to Chamcook mountains and lakes ; the shore road border- 
ing the river; the Bar road to Mowatt's ^.rove, and at low water across the 
bar to Minister's Island, the drive to which presents the novelty once 
experienced by the Children of Israel— that of going through a passage in the 
sea which had fallen back on either side. This drive takes 
one through the bed of the ccean twenty feet below sea- level 
at high water. There is the drive through the Cedars past the 
golf links to Joe's Point, beyond which is Smugglers' Cove, a 
noted hiding-place of those having utter disregard for customs 
laws and coastguards in past and gone days. Another drive 
is around Indian Point, at the extreme end of the peninsula, 
where from the boulevard at the water's edge a sea-view embrac- 
ing the entire bay is commanded. At the Point is erected a 
Marine Biological Station, an experimental and scientific labora- 
tory, where the technical features of fish life are investigated. 
The station is controlled by the British Association of Science, is 
financially and otherwise aided by the Dominion Government, and 
attracts distinguished scientists from the United States and other 
countries. Delightful excursions, too, can be made either by land 
or water to St. Stephen, N.B. , and Calais, Maine, up the St. 
Croix ; to St. George, crossing (if the excursion be made by land) 
the Bocabec and Digdequash rivers — two famous trout streams — 
where are the Magaguadavic (pronounced Maggie Davey) Falls, 
a cascade of remarkable beauty ; and to many othe*" interesting 
points in the locality. 

To visit the summit of Chamcook, the horses are left at the 
base and the ascent accomplished on foot, with a taste of Alpine 
excitement, although the climb is a perfectly safe one. The altitude 
of the crest is one thousand feet above the sea, and as tidewater 
washes its very base, the view from its heights may be far grander 
than if multiplied five times over, a hundred miles inland. 

The good roads rob bicycling of all its discomforts. Visitors 
are advised to bring their own wheels, which, if from the United 
vStates, can be entered free of duty by presenting their L. A. W. 
certificates at the custom house. 



J 

1 





ST. AINDREWS = BY-THE-S1 




►EA, NEW BRUINSWICK 



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Vi 





TENNIS COURT, ST. ANDREWS 



Fishing and Shooting 



The region provides splendid opportunities for those who are fond of fishing 
and shooting. 

For sea-fishing, excellent craft — from the sloop-rigged "pinkie" to the 
schooner — with experienced skippers, can be procured in the harbor. Cod, 
haddock and pollock can be caught in large quantities, and to those who have 
ever indulged in the sport of deep sea fishing, nothing need be said concerning 
the excitement and pleasure of it. The expense of such a fishing trip, including 
the skipper, with his boat, lines, bait and provisions, will be from three to five 
dollars per day, which amount is usually divided among four. In the inland 
lakes and rivers in the vicinity of St. Andrews-by-the-vSea the fishing is 
excellent. The fisherman can go to nearly all the best lakes and streams in the 
morning, returning in the evening. In the lakes, during June, land-locked 
salmon and lake trout may be readily taken with the fly. In July, August and 
September, in deep water, the same fish may be taken with live bait, or by 

16 



trolling. In the smaller lakes, higher up, quantities of trout, weighing from a 
quarter of a pound to a i)ound, may be taken with fly, worm or live bait. All 
the streams abound in the smaller but equally delicious species of trout. 

The small boy — and the bigger one, too— tinds great fun in fishing for 
tommy cod and smelts off the wharves, and the operation of j.eining the weirs 
after sardines have been impounded is very interesting to strangers. 

The man with the gun also finds, in season, excellent opportunities for 
sport. There are red deer, fox, rabbit, partridge, duck and snipe in i)lenty, 
and generally good shooting is found within easy distance of the town. 



Golf 



One of the great attractions of St. Andrews- by-the-Sea is its golf links, 
which lure enthusiasts from distant points. The course of the Algontjuin (iolf 
Club — an organization of 125 members, many of whom are residents of the 
United States — is located upon turf land, wholly within one enclosure of 120 




I 

i 



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acres, overlooking the water 
from every point. The 
"teeing" grounds and **put- 
ing" greens are in con- 
formity with the latest re- 
quirements, while the 
natural antl artificial haz- 
ards are such as test the 
skill of veteran golfers. 
The length of the course 
is about 2,800 
yards, 9 holes. 
Tournaments, 
with substan- 
tial prizes for 
lady and gen- 
tlemen play- 
ers, are fre- 
quently held during the season. A membership fee of $5 permits 
the use of the links and club house during the season. 




THE GOLF CLUB HOUSE, ST. ANDREWS 



Yachting and boating 



No grander yachting waters in the world than those of Passa- 
maquoddy Bay can be found. There is an absolute freedom from 
sudden squalls or storms, which renders them perfectly safe, so 
that inexperienced persons may venture out without danger. The 
Bay is annually visited by yachting parties from New York, 
Boston, and other Atlantic coast cities. 

Homes for Summer ^sitors 

St. Andrews-by-the-Sea is adequately supplied v.ith hotels and 
other places, where visitors can make their homes during the 
summer months. The principal hotel is the Algonquin, a large, 
four-storied structure, charmingly situated on Fort Hill, which over- 
looks the town. The Algonquin (which opens June 30th) is replete 
with every convenience and every luxury that could be suggested. 
From its broad piazzas, forming a matchless promenade about 
three sides of the hotel, may be had unobstructed views of 
one of the most glorious panoramas that ever spread before human 
gaze. The spacious dining halls and parlors, ladies' reception 
rooms, and smoking and writing rooms, are all advantageously 
located, and the sleeping apartments, which are single or en suite 

18 




As may he desired, are large, airy and elegantly furnished. The hoicl is 
suj)plied with baths, elevator, electric bells, oi)en fire places, etc., and an 
orchestra from the Boston Conservatory of Music is engaged during the season. 
Above the hotel roof extends an observatory affording views from a height 
second only to those of Chamcook Mountain. The Algoncjuin's charming 
situation, modern architecture and appliances, together with its excellent 
appointments and experienced management — it being under the direct sui>er- 
vision of the managers of the new Hotel Bellevue, Boston — make it a favorite 
and popular summer home for a gradually increasing number of guests every 
succeeding year. 















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rHE ALGONQUIN," ST. ANDREWS 



19 



In the village are| Kennedy's and other comfortable and well-kept hotels, 
and I)oard and rooms can he secured in private residences at from $5 to $10 
l)er week ; and furnished or unfurnished cottages can be rented for the season at 
reasonable rates. 

The summer population of St. Andrcws-by-the-Sea is singularly free from 
the boisterous element that sometimes invades resorts near large centres. It is 
not, however, a purely aristocratic gathering, though society is well represented. 
The professions and the commercial and financial world have their (juota of 
representatives ; in short, it is a selection of people who hnd here the spot 
where the highest degree of daily pleasure may be inexpensively ha<l with least 
effort. They come from all parts of America, but chiefly from New York, 
Boston, Brookline, Mass., Wilmington, Delaware, Montclair, New Jersey, 
Washington, Chicago, Montreal, Toronto, Ottawa, London and other Canadian 
cities and towns ; and some of them, enamoured of the beauties of the region, 
have erected handsome cottages in which they spend their vacation days. 




joe's point 
20 




ALONG THE BAR ROAD 



Ho^o) to Get There 



St. Andiew's-by-the-Sea is easily reached from all directions. From Boston 
and New York there is a choice of routes, either by rail or steamer ; and from 
Montreal, Toronto and other points west in Canada, by the Canadian Pacific 
Short Line from Montreal direct to St. Andrews, with a through sleeping car 
from Montreal every Tuesday and Friday night (returning leaving St. Andrews 
every Wednesday and Monday). 

The rate to St. Andrews-by-the-Sea and return during the summer season 
having been made especially low, tickets will be strictly limited to continuous 
train passage in each direction, and require to be signed by passenger and 
wibiessed by selling agent before they will be good for passage on going 
journey^ and must be vised by the agent at St. Andrews before they will 
be accepted for passage on return journey. Final limit, October 31st, 1900. 
Tickets will be on sale until September 30lh, 1900. 

21 




ON THE ST. CROIX 

For further information as to rates, routes and reservations in sleeoing 
cars, apply to the nearest agent of the Canadian Pacific Railway, or to 

A. H. NOTMAN, Asst. Gen Passenger Ag-ent. 1 King St. East, Toronto. 

W. F. EGG, City Passenger Agent, 129 St. James St., Montreal. 

GEO. DUNCAN, City Passenger Agent, Ottawa. Ont. 

W. J. GRANT, Cor, King and James Sts., Hamilton, Ont. 

W. FULTON. City Ticket Agent, London, Ont. 

A. E. EDMONDS, City Passenger Agent, 7 Fort St. West, Detroit, Mich. 

J. FRANCIS LEE, Gen. Agent, Passenger Dept., 228 S. Clark St., Chicago. 

W. R. CALLAWAY, Gen. Passenger Agent, Soo Line, Minneapolis, Minn. 

W. S. THORN. Asst. Gen. Passenger Agent, Soo Line, St. Paul, Mmn. 

E. H. CRE AN, City Ticket Agent, Quebec. 

A. J. HEATH, District Passenger Agent, St. John, N.B. 

or to 
C. E. E. USSHER, 

Oeneral Passenger Agent, C.P.R., 

Lines East of Lake Superior, 
MONTREAL. CAN. 



ROBT. KERR, 

Passenger Traffic Manager, C. P. R., 
MONTREAL. CAN. 



w 



Publications 



'"St^h. Canadian Pacific 
Railway Company 



by the 



♦» 



** The New Highway to the Orient ** ** Summer Tours ^ 
** Quebec^ Summer and Winter ^ ** Fishing and Shooting 

** Montreal " ** Climates of Canada *' 

** Westward to the Far East *' and ** East to the West "^ 

Guides to the Principal Cities of Japan and China by 
the eastern and western routes. 

" Time-Table with Notes '' ** Banff in the Canadian Rockies ^ 

'* Hawaii'' 
** Around the World ** ** Across Canada to Australasia ** 



M 



OST of these publications are handsomely illustrated, and con- 
tain much useful information in interesting shape. "Time 
Table with Notes " will be found a valuable companion for 
all transcontinental travellers. Other pamphlets descriptive 
of the Dominion — "Western Canada," " British Columbia, " "Gold 
in Kootenay and Cariboo," " Klondike and Lake Atlin Gold Fields," 
" New Ontario Gold Fields," etc. — are also issued by the Company. 
Copies may be obtained FREE from Agents of the Company, or will 
be mailed to any address on application. The Company have 
also published a new map, on the polar projection, showing the 
whole of the northern hemisphere, and the Canadian Pacific Rail- 
way's Around the World Route in a novel and interesting way, 
and another of Canada and the northern half of the United States, 
showing the entire system of the Company in detail. These maps will be given 
away for public and prominent display. Another useful map is the " Sports- 
man's Map of Canada," showing the regions for the different large and small 
and feathered game and the principal fishing waters. The Company now have 
on sale, in their hotels, principal ticket offices, and on the trains, several series 
of handsomely finished views of scenes along .their line of railway. Size : lo by 12 
inches, in portfolios suitable for the table (twelve views in each series), Price $1.00 : 
and views, 22 by 28 inches, suitable for framing (three views in the set), in mailing 
tube. Price $1.00. 




I 



23 



1902 



St. Andrews 
by = the = Sea 

New Brunsw^icR 




Reached 
by the 



1900^^ 



^'' ' -^ 



..#" 



Canadian 
^ Pacific 
Railway